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The 5 Largest Cities in Argentina

Simon Staedeli

La Plata Metropolitan Cathedral

  1. La Plata, Buenos Aires.

It is commonly known as The Diagonal’s City due to its structure. La Plata was founded by Dardo Rocha as a planned city to succeed Buenos Aires as the province capital after Buenos Aires’s federalization and independence from the province in 1882. It’s historic center remains intact after almost 140 years. In 1884, the first census showed that the city was inhabited by approximately 10.000 people. Only 1.200 of those were born in Argentina, the other 88% were immigrants from Italy, Spain, France, Portugal, Austria and England. Between 1952 and 1955, after the death of Eva Peron, the city changed its named to Ciudad Eva Peron. Today, La Plata has more than 740.000 inhabitants and it’s most important building is the La Plata Metropolitan Cathedral, inaugurated in 1932.

View of Mendoza and The Andes

  1. Mendoza, Mendoza.

Mendoza is the capital of the Province of Mendoza. It was founded in 1561 by Pedro del Castillo under the orders of the Virrey Mendoza, the ruler of the Virreinato del Perú. The city is placed on a plain next to the Andes Mountains, in the midwest, limiting with Chile. Due to its climate and location, it’s a main wine-growing center and it’s of vital importance for Mercosur relations between nations. It’s located close to the Cerro Aconcagua -highest peak outside of Asia with 22.800ft. The original city was devastated by an earthquake in 1861. A new order was established in 1863, giving us the city that’s home today to 1.086.000 people.

Rosario Flag Memorial (taken from flickr.com)

  1. Rosario, Santa Fe.

Located in the mid east, bordering the Paraná River, just 4 hours north from Buenos Aires City, it’s the Argentine Flag’s birthplace. With no actual foundation, but a gradual growth from a settlement to a city housing 1.194.000 people, it was not recognized as such until 1852.  Home to one of the most important ports in Argentina, and many great sport figures such as Lionel Messi -best soccer player in the world- and Luciana Aymar -field hockey player of the year in 8 different occasions.

Córdoba Cathedral (taken from muzikehostel.com.ar).

  1. Córdoba, Córdoba.

Founded in 1573 by Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera, Córdoba, is the capital city of Córdoba Province, the most central province in Argentina. It’s the second largest population center in Argentina after Buenos Aires City. It is also known as Cordoba “La Docta”, due to the fact that it was the first city in Argentina to have a university. The Universidad Nacional de Córdoba was founded in 1613, being the 4th university to be founded in the New World. Cordobese people can be easily identified by their accent compared to the rest of the Argentines. Also, their passion for Fernet, is known countrywide.

Puerto Madero, one of the most modern neighbourhoods in Buenos Aires.

  1. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Federal District.

Even though Buenos Aires City is geographically located within the Buenos Aires Province, is not part of it. It’s an independent state, such as Washington D.C. and The Vatican. With a staggering population of 14.400.000 people, it’s one of the top 3 largest cities in Latin America, with Sao Paulo and México D.F. and one of the top 20 largest cities in the whole World. Due to it’s European influence and big waves of immigration, Buenos Aires is known as the Paris of South America. Proof of that influence and architectural design, is the Colon Theatre, one of the top 5 Opera theatres in the world. All of this makes of Buenos Aires the number one tourist destination in South America. The city was founded in 1580 by Juan de Garay, survived 2 British invasions in 1806 and 1807 and was home to the 1810 Revolution de Mayo -kickstart point for the Independence Revolution.

So hop on that plane and come to Buenos Aires (and then of course visit the 5 largest cities in Argentina)! Take advantage of the different programs and opportunities that Road2Argentina offers to make the most out of your time here!


 

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